Navy-Electronic Battle Damage Indicator (eBDI) Tool for Non-Kinetic High-Power Radio-Frequency (RF) Engagements
Navy SBIR 2018.1 - Topic N181-075
ONR - Ms. Lore-Anne Ponirakis - email@example.com
Opens: January 8, 2018 - Closes: February 7, 2018 (8:00 PM ET)
Battlespace, Electronics, Sensors
ACQUISITION PROGRAM: ONR Code
35: HIJENKS Leap Ahead
The technology within this
topic is restricted under the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR),
22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and import of defense-related
material and services, including export of sensitive technical data, or the
Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts 730-774, which controls
dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use of foreign nationals
(FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or work permit possessed,
and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for accomplishment by the FN(s)
in accordance with section 5.4.c.(8) of the Announcement. Offerors are advised
foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be restricted due to
the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
OBJECTIVE: Develop an
electronic battle damage indicator (eBDI) tool for use with non-kinetic
high-power radio frequency (HPRF) systems. Rather than rely on visual or
behavioral cues, this eBDI tool should utilize active and/or passive electronic
sensing, providing a unique method to assess electronic system disruption or
damage imposed by HPRF.
evaluations of HPRF sources and other non-kinetic counter-electronic systems
are impeded by the inability to conduct effective electronic battle damage
assessment. In a non-kinetic engagement, there may not be obvious physical
damage to observe after the engagement. This potential lack of physical
evidence requires alternative means to assess these electronic targets. An
eBDI tool should have the ability to acquire pre- and post-engagement
electromagnetic (EM) target signatures and determine the level of target
electronic system disruption via electronic operational state degradation,
disruption, or damage imposed causing change to output EM signature status.
Note that the level of change will vary depending on the initial
quality/quantity of the signal as well as the magnitude of change in EM output
signal from the system being affected as a function of design, attenuation, or
environment, thus the system design will need to focus on sensitivity or other
related factors in signal output that can be detected and correlated to the
original operation and the RF source output. Therefore, the sensors associated
with the eBDI system may need to establish an effective baseline signal (before
HPRF interaction) and survive the HPRF interaction to provide a sufficient,
post-HPRF signal analysis to perform the eBDI function. This eBDI tool will
actively interrogate or passively “listen” to intended or unintended emissions
across a large portion of the spectrum to assess a wide variety of potential
targets, both within and outside of enclosures, with near-real-time reporting.
Unique interrogation and assessment methods may include, but are not limited
to, linear and nonlinear scattering analysis, iterative phase-conjugation or
time-reversal techniques, and machine learning or knowledge-based radar
techniques for detection and classification. The eBDI hardware must be compact
and capable of surviving an HPRF event. Additionally, the eBDI hardware must
also be able to measure varying RF output from the HPRF source in close
proximity to verify that the expected RF output was produced at the source to a
degree providing a cross-check on system performance and correlation to
measured eBDI state changes. Technical risks include: ability to discern
signals of the electronics of interest from background noise, agility for
real-time on-board assessment of electronic system signals, operation in a
high-power EM environment, ability to operate in a possible dynamic-motion
environment, and sensing across a wide variety of electronic system RF
emissions while maintaining low Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP).
PHASE I: Conceptualize,
design, develop, and model key elements for an innovative HPRF eBDI system that
can meet the requirements discussed in the description section. Design and
model a sensor capable of close-proximity verification of the expected RF
output from the HPRF system. Assess potential sensors and associated RF signal
processing algorithm to identify the critical electronic system of interest.
This assessment should include the consideration of active versus passive
sensors, Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) survivability as well as SWaP/Cost
limitations. Rank the sensors and associated RF signal processing algorithms
into an initial preference order based upon predicted performance across one or
more type of complex electronic control system. Performance of the required
electronic state sensing can be achieved with new sensors, existing sensors,
new techniques, new algorithms, or a combination of these methods. Perform
modeling and simulation to provide initial assessment of the performance
(expected sensitivity, response time, time correlation, magnitude,
vector/directional correlation, spectrum mapping, etc.) of the concept. Design
a potential system with an evaluation of the effects of the HPRF irradiation.
PHASE II: Phase II will
involve the design refinement, procurement, integration, assembly, and testing
of a proof of concept brass-board prototype leveraging the Phase I effort. The
Phase II brass-board prototype will be capable of providing near-real-time
feedback concerning: the operation of the HPRF source, which may be wideband
pulses (100-1000 MHz, 2 – 200 ns) or narrowband (500 MHz – 5 GHz, pulse widths,
1 ns - 5 µs), as well as the response of one additional more complex electronic
control system and/or computer system, specified by the government team, from
one or more incident HPRF pulses. The versatility of the sensor and signal
processing approach will be required for this phase, with an objective of
assessment of three or four different classes of electronic systems. The
primary target electronic system status eBDI indicator that provides a signal
of effective RF source effects to be measured may vary across different classes
of electronics (computers, servers, routers, controls, sensors, etc.), which
will require the sensor and signal processing to have sufficient flexibility to
address the variation in electronic systems. There is also an interest in
possible capability when applied to mobile platforms such as land vehicles, maritime
vessels, and Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) as opposed to only infrastructure
fixed sites. This brass-board prototype must demonstrate a clear path forward
to a full-scale concept demonstrator based on the selected sensor and signal
processing technology. Data packages on all critical components will be
submitted throughout the prototype development cycle and test results will be
provided for regular review of progress. The use of actual hardware, RF signal
processing software and empirical data collection is expected for this
analysis. If necessary to perform the electronic system sensing, this Phase
may also include a network of sensor nodes and associated communication system.
PHASE III DUAL USE
APPLICATIONS: The performer will apply the knowledge gained during Phases I and
II to build and demonstrate the full-scale functional final design that will
include all system elements and represent a complete solution. The final
design should be compact and ruggedized and the eBDI system should be capable
of integration onto one or more Naval platforms (as specified by the
Government). The device should be applicable for test range use and should be
immune to both temporary EI and permanent damage from the HPRF incident pulse.
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KEYWORDS: High Power Radio
Frequency; High Power Microwave; Directed Energy Weapons; Counter Directed
Energy Weapons; Advanced Warning System; HPRF Threats; Geo-locating