Advanced Command and Control Architectures for Autonomous Sensing
Navy STTR 2018.B - Topic N18B-T030
NAVAIR - Ms. Donna Attick - donna.attick@navy.mil
Opens: May 22, 2018 - Closes: June 20, 2018 (8:00 PM ET)

N18B-T030

TITLE: Advanced Command and Control Architectures for Autonomous Sensing

 

TECHNOLOGY AREA(S): Air Platform, Battlespace

ACQUISITION PROGRAM: PMA-266 Navy and Marine Corp Multi-Mission Tactical UAS

OBJECTIVE: Develop an innovative system-of-systems approach to air vehicle command and control (C2) that facilitates a high degree of autonomy combined with highly efficient human interaction.

DESCRIPTION: Achieving higher levels of autonomy in uncertain, unstructured, and dynamic environments is critical for maritime situational awareness. Currently, many contributing elements such as decision engine technology and operator interfaces that would facilitate the desired level of autonomy exist as disparate elements yet to be integrated into a synergistic application. A variety of autonomous platform and sensor control approaches are under development. Multiple vessel classification and identification approaches are being pursued and fusion techniques are maturing to combine information to build knowledge of patterns of life and quickly identify abnormal or threatening behaviors. Key mission sets that the C2 approach should address run the gamut from participation in the Global War on Terrorism to conducting maritime security and interception operations and participating in numerous coalition operations. Increased autonomy changes the nature of operator involvement, creating significant new challenges in the areas of human-machine interaction. The Navy seeks autonomous platform and sensor systems command and control approaches that support intelligent decision-making and provide understandable and predictable behavior. Overall system architecture may leverage state-of-the-art C2 applications such as the Navy’s Minotaur Mission Processor as the basis to build in greater levels of autonomy.

PHASE I: Develop the system architecture and demonstrate the feasibility of an innovative C2 structure for autonomous operations. Provide a detailed description of the overall approach and an assessment of the underlying autonomous engine’s understandability and predictability. Develop a detailed architectural description clearly identifying all primary functional elements and the development required to sufficiently mature the approach. Prepare a software development and support plan that maximizes the flexibility of the application and its ability to be easily enhanced in the future. The Phase I effort will include prototype plans to be developed under Phase II.

PHASE II: Develop a prototype C2 application using the framework developed in Phase I. Demonstrate the capability in a representative operational airborne maritime surveillance environment.

PHASE III DUAL USE APPLICATIONS: Complete the development and testing of the application on a suitable Navy maritime surveillance platform. Transition the technology to the Navy as a software upgrade to its candidate maritime surveillance platforms. The application is generally applicable to multiple autonomous sensing systems for security, law enforcement, border protection, or exclusive economic zone monitoring.

REFERENCES:

1. Jain, A. K., Duin, R. P. W., and Mao, J. “Statistical Pattern Recognition: A Review”. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Volume: 22, Issue: 1, Jan 2000, pp. 4-37. DOI: 10.1109/34.824819

2. Benavoli, A., Chisci, L., Farina, A., Immediata, S., Timmoneri, L., and Zappa, G. “Knowledge-based system for multi-target tracking in a littoral environment”. IEEE Transaction on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, VOL. 42, NO. 3, November 2006. DOI: 10.1109/TAES.2006.248193

3. Duda, R.O., Hart, P.E., and Stork, D.G. “Pattern Classification”. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2001, pp. xx + 654

KEYWORDS: Autonomous Sensing; Command and Control; Maritime Surveillance; Unmanned Aircraft; Radar; Patterns of Life

TPOC-1:

Phone:

Ollie Allen

301-904-4742

 

TPOC-2:

Phone:

Greg Makrakis

301-757-1116

 

** TOPIC NOTICE **

These Navy Topics are part of the overall DoD 2018.B STTR BAA. The DoD issued its 2018.B BAA SBIR pre-release on April 20, 2018, which opens to receive proposals on May 22, 2018, and closes June 20, 2018 at 8:00 PM ET.

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