Metrology of Visibly Opaque, Infrared-Transparent Aerodynamic Domes, Conformal Windows, and Optical Corrector Elements
Navy SBIR 2015.2 - Topic N152-105
NSMA - Mr. John Keiran - john.keiran@navy.mil
Opens: May 26, 2015 - Closes: June 24, 2015

N152-105        TITLE:  Metrology of Visibly Opaque, Infrared-Transparent Aerodynamic Domes, Conformal Windows, and Optical Corrector Elements

TECHNOLOGY AREAS:  Air Platform, Materials/Processes, Sensors

ACQUISITION PROGRAM:  Air-to-Air Missiles Program Office (PMA-259)

OBJECTIVE:  Develop a method and hardware to measure the optical figure and transmitted wavefront error of visibly opaque, infrared-transparent aerodynamic domes, conformal windows, and optical corrector elements with a precision of one tenth of the measurement wavelength, or better.

DESCRIPTION:  The function of electro-optical sensors is greatly impacted by the window’s properties. Survivability depends on material strength, hardness, and thermal properties. Targeting is limited by optical properties of the window material. Drag is reduced by aerodynamic shapes. The objective of this project is to create metrology methods and hardware to measure the optical figure and transmitted wavefront error of visibly opaque, infrared-transparent aerodynamic domes, conformal windows, and optical corrector elements to provide feedback for optical figure correction by an optics shop. Example materials include standard grade zinc sulfide (ZnS), hot pressed magnesium fluoride (MgF2), and germanium (Ge). Some materials of interest have negligible transparency below 2 microns and aspheric shapes made from these materials cannot be measured by any known method today. Possible candidate shapes include toroidal windows, tangent ogive domes, and arch shaped correctors. Methods capable of measuring objects whose two surfaces deviate more than 5 degrees from parallel could be useful. Potential metrology methods should have a precision of one tenth of the measurement wavelength, or better. 

PHASE I:  Evaluate the feasibility of measuring the optical figure and transmitted wavefront of visibly opaque, infrared-transparent aerodynamic domes, conformal windows, and optical corrector elements with a precision of one tenth of the measurement wavelength, or better Demonstrate breadboard capability to measure freeform shapes such as a 5 inch diameter x 7 inch tall aerodynamic dome provided by the government. Measurement must produce surface figure and transmitted wavefront maps with a precision of 0.5 micron or better.

PHASE II:  Improve the metrology technique and hardware developed in Phase I by increasing ease of use, precision of results, measurement speed, and adaptability to different shapes and sizes. The output of the method must be in a form that provides feedback to an optical polishing shop for figure correction.

PHASE III:  Implement commercial metrology capabilities. Manufacture an instrument for sale to optics manufacturers to measure visibly opaque aspheric optics. Alternatively, provide a commercial service to measure visibly opaque aspheric optics.

REFERENCES:  

1.   M. Gutin, O. Gutin, X.-M. Wang, and D. Ehlinger, “Interferometric Tomography of Conformal Optics,” Proc. SPIE 2013, Volume 8708 paper 870814 (http://www.spie.org/x1848.xml)

2.   S. DeFisher, E. Fess, and F. Wolfs, “Freeform and Conformal Optical Manufacturing,” Proc. SPIE 2013, Volume 8708 paper 870813 (http://www.spie.org/x1848.xml)

3.   S. DeFisher, M. Bechtold, and D. Mohring, “A Non-Contact Surface Measurement System for Freeform and Conformal Optics,” Proc. SPIE 2011, Volume 8016, paper 80160W (http://www.spie.org/x1848.xml)

4.   R. Henselmans, L. Cacace, G. Kramer, N. Rosielle, and M. Steinbuch, “Nanometer Level Freeform

Surface Measurements with NANOMEFOS Non-Contact measurement Machine,” Proc. SPIE 2009, Volume 7426 paper 742606 (http://www.spie.org/x1848.xml)

KEYWORDS:  Metrology; conformal windows; aerodynamic domes; infrared transparent; visible opaque; measurement

TPOC:  Lee Cambrea

Phone:  (760)939-7323

Email:  lee.cambrea@navy.mil

             

2nd TPOC:  Daniel Harris Phone:  (760)939-1649

Email:  daniel.harris@navy.mil

             

             

** TOPIC AUTHOR (TPOC) **
DoD Notice:  
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