TITLE: Laser Periscope
TECHNOLOGY AREA(S): Air
Platform, Ground/Sea Vehicles, Information Systems
ACQUISITION PROGRAM: PMA 299
(ASW) H-60 Helicopter Program
OBJECTIVE: Develop a
technology for long-range detection of periscopes in maritime environments
using a high-power Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) laser to detect submarine
periscopes and submarine optics masts from aircraft at both low and high
DESCRIPTION: The need exists
for improved periscope detection and discrimination between periscopes and
other objects. An innovative laser periscope detection system would be
complementary to the existing radar periscope detection capability to provide
cueing and reduce false alarms. Combining data from the current radar
detection algorithm with data from an optical detection algorithm will increase
the probability of detection, and reduce the probability of false alarms during
a mission. The laser periscope detection system should have a standalone mode
for aircraft without radar for detecting periscopes. The laser periscope
detection system should be integrated with existing or planned future laser
systems, including Electro-Optical and Infrared (EO/IR) systems, to maximize
capability while reducing the space, weight, and power (SWaP) of the combined
system compared to the total for separate systems. Integration may include
housing both systems in the same pod, utilizing the same environmental systems
and using the same scanner and receivers where possible, data recorders, and
The system should be designed to be rugged, compact, and lightweight enough to
be used in naval aircraft, both fixed- and rotary-wing platforms such as the P8
and the MH-60 ROMEO and SIERRA in accordance with the applicable Military
Standards (specified and included in the references). It is therefore the goal
of this program to seek the development of a power-scalable laser system
solution that will meet the size, weight, performance, and reliability
requirements below while considering component costs for future production of
the system. The proposer should consider this development as the innovative advancement
and combination of laser and supporting technologies towards the goals stated
The performance objectives of the laser solution are:
1. Repetition rate, Threshold: 100 hertz
2. High peak power, Threshold: 40 milli-joules/pulse, 5-7 nanosecond pulse
width, (low power should be used during design)
3. Wavelength: (1-2 micro-meters)
4. Line width: less than or equal to 0.1 nanometer
5. Laser beam quality M-squared less than 3.
6. Lightweight. (Total weight including the laser head, cooling system, power
supply, and control system) Threshold: less than 100 pounds, Objective: less
than 60 pounds.
7. Small volume. (Total volume for the cooling system, power supply, control
system and laser head) Threshold: less than 3 cubic feet, Objective: less than
2 cubic feet.
8. Ability to be ruggedized and packaged to withstand the shock, vibration,
pressure, temperature, humidity, electrical power conditions, etc. encountered
in a system built for airborne use.
9. Reliability: Mean time between equipment failure—300 operating hours.
10. Full Rate Production Cost: Threshold <$50,000; Objective <$15,000
(based on 1,000 units)
11. Detection Range: >15 Km (Threshold), >25 Km (Objective)
12. Range Accuracy: 10m
13 Azimuth Accuracy at 15Km: 100m
14. Power: <400 W
15. Wall plug efficiency: Threshold >3%, Objective >5%
16. Field of View: 40 degrees (Threshold), 140 degrees (Objective)
17. Photo receiver Sensitivity: TBD
18. Beam Divergence: 100 mrad < Theta < 215 mrad
19. Probability of detection at 25Km: Threshold: 0.8 Objective 0.9
20. Probability of detection at 10Km: Threshold: 0.9 Objective 0.95
21. Probability of false alarm at 25Km: Threshold: once per day
22. Probability of false alarm at 10Km: Threshold: once per day
Due to SWaP, ruggedization requirements and restricted use of hazardous
material in airborne applications, the following will not be accepted: argon
ion lasers, chemical lasers, and dye lasers. Furthermore, systems using
cryogenic cooling will also be discounted.
PHASE I: Determine and design
a viable and robust laser system solution consisting of a single laser that
meets or exceeds the requirements specified. Identify technological and
reliability challenges of the design approach, and propose viable risk mitigation
strategies. The Phase I effort will include the development of prototype plans
for Phase II.
PHASE II: Design, fabricate,
and demonstrate a laser system prototype based on the design from Phase I.
Test and fully characterize the system prototype.
PHASE III DUAL USE
APPLICATIONS: Finalize the design and fabricate a shock resistant laser system
solution and assist to obtain certification for flight on a NAVAIR R&D
aircraft. High-power, pulsed lasers have applications in manufacturing and
lithography. Oceanographic bathymetry systems for survey and exploration work
would benefit greatly from this laser system solution.
1. Saleh, B.E.A. Fundamentals
of Photonics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1991. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bahaa_Saleh2/publication/228109642_Fundamental_of_Photonics/links/0046352bada6cf0ab6000000/Fundamental-of-Photonics.pdf
2. MIL-STD 1399-300A:
Electric Power, Alternating Current (metric). http://everyspec.com/MIL-STD/MIL-STD-1300-1399/MIL_STD_1399_300A_647/
3. MIL-STD 461 E:
Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference Characteristics of
4. MIL-STD 810G:
Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory
5. MIL-STD 464 A: Interface
Electromagnetic Environmental. http://everyspec.com/MIL-STD/MIL-STD-0300-0499/MIL-STD-464A_21938/
6. MIL-STD 8591: Airborne
Stores, Suspension Equipment and Aircraft-store Interface. http://everyspec.com/MIL-SPECS/MIL-SPECS-MIL-A/MIL-A-8591H_10997/
Anti-Surface Warfare; Periscope Detection; Maritime Environment; Anti-Submarine
Warfare (ASW); Laser Detection
** TOPIC NOTICE **
These Navy Topics are part of the overall DoD 2018.1 SBIR BAA. The DoD issued its 2018.1 BAA SBIR pre-release on November 29, 2017, which opens to receive proposals on January 8, 2018, and closes February 7, 2018 at 8:00 PM ET.
Between November 29, 2017 and January 7, 2018 you may talk directly with the Topic Authors (TPOC) to ask technical questions about the topics. During these dates, their contact information is listed above. For reasons of competitive fairness, direct communication between proposers and topic authors is not allowed starting January 8, 2018 when DoD begins accepting proposals for this BAA.
However, until January 24, 2018, proposers may still submit written questions about solicitation topics through the DoD's SBIR/STTR Interactive Topic Information System (SITIS), in which the questioner and respondent remain anonymous and all questions and answers are posted electronically for general viewing until the solicitation closes. All proposers are advised to monitor SITIS during the Open BAA period for questions and answers and other significant information relevant to their SBIR/STTR topics of interest.
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