Unmanned Passive Navigation without GPS
Navy SBIR 2020.1 - Topic N201-060
NAVSEA - Mr. Dean Putnam - firstname.lastname@example.org
Opens: January 14, 2020 - Closes: February 12, 2020 (8:00 PM ET)
PROGRAM: PMS 406, Unmanned Maritime Systems Program Office.
technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in
Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and
import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive
technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts
730-774, which controls dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use
of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or
work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for
accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with section 3.5 of the Announcement.
Offerors are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be
restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
Develop a passive device or system that allows an unmanned vehicles/vessels to
develop and maintain awareness of its location on the earth’s surface without
using the Global Positioning System (GPS).
This topic stands at the intersection of three needs: unmanned navigation,
passive sensing, and mitigation of GPS vulnerability. First, unmanned surface
vehicles/vessels (USVs) are being developed both by global navies and by
commercial shipbuilders. While underway, a USV must determine its position on
the earth’s surface to get to its destination while avoiding shoal waters,
charted obstacles, and prohibited areas. Second, military vessels need to have
the capability to operate without revealing their locations to potential
adversaries. Radio frequency (RF) transmissions, including use of a surface
search or navigation radar, can disclose a vessel’s location, Commercial
vessels may also find that staying silent can aid in avoiding being targeted by
warships during hostilities or by pirates. Third, the GPS has become the
primary means for navigation for most ocean-going vessels. However, this system
is susceptible to interruption or spoofing, especially during times of
hostilities between nation-states. Therefore, the U.S. Navy seeks a device that
allows an unmanned vessel to develop and maintain awareness of its location on
the earth’s surface without using GPS or revealing the vessel’s location while
meeting the accuracy requirements for restricted piloting as well as coastal
and open water navigation (As described in CNSP/CNSLINST 3530.4F).
Provide a concept to solve the Navy’s problem as detailed in the Description.
Demonstrate feasibility with modeling and or simulation. Provide any
preliminary analysis and/or testing supporting the viability of the approach at
the end of Phase I.
Develop two prototype systems for testing and evaluation. Support Government
evaluation of the prototype systems at sea in both near-shore and open-ocean
conditions to verify navigation accuracy on existing MUSV and LUSV prototypes.
Integrate the prototypes into Navy-provided autonomy systems ashore using a
Navy-specified Interface Control Document (ICD) that will be provided by the
Government after award. After integration, test the prototypes ashore in a
laboratory environment to verify that they meet the ICD standards and that they
can send navigation messages to the autonomy systems. Develop a Phase III plan.
PHASE III DUAL
USE APPLICATIONS: Support the Navy in transitioning the passive navigation
technology for Navy use by supplying hardware, software, and technical
documentation for installation and repair. Provide assistance, if required, for
the first several installations, required on the MUSV and the LUSV.
Lauren A. “Navigation Using Vector and Tensor Measurements of the Earth's
Magnetic Anomaly Field.” Air University: Wright Patterson Air Force Base,
Ohio, 2018. https://apps.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/1056198.pdf
2. Cozman, F.
and Krotkov, E. “Robot Localization using a Computer Vision Sextant.”
Proceedings of 1995 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation,
Vol. 1, pp.106:111. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Eric_Krotkov/publication/2593290_Robot_Localization_using_a_Computer_Vision_Sextant/links/5506d5f30cf26ff55fb010b/Robot-Localization-using-a-Computer-Vision-Sextant.pdf
Unmanned Navigation; Non-GPS Navigation; Passive Sensing; Celestial Navigation;
Visual Navigation; Magnetic Navigation